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Photographs from the First World War

Photographs from the First World War, 1914-1918, donated by members of the South Australian RSL. See special list for details. Selected images have been digitised. To view digitised images, do an archival number search on SRG 435/1.

Grieving women during World War, 1914-1918

Grieving women during World War, 1914-1918

Lady Galway, carrying the umbrella, wife Sir Henry, Governor of South Australia, with other women, some still wearing mourning, listening to Colonel Rowell speaking at a war memorial occasion during the First World War. It appears that the memorial is the South African War memorial on the corner of King William Street and North Terrace (see PRG 280/1/24/106).

Ker Family World War One photographs

Ker Family World War One photographs

Photographs of the Ker Family relating to the First World War. See below for details and to view images.

Egypt during World War I

Egypt during World War I

Records of the Reverend Arthur M. Trengrove comprising quarter plate size lantern slides of soldiers, horses and scenery in Port Said, Rafah, Kantara and Cairo in Egypt during his time in World War 1. 98 items. See CONTENTS for more information and details.

Women naval officers during the 1914-1918 World War

Women naval officers during the 1914-1918 World War

A small group of women naval officers marching during an inspection by three seniors and a male army officer during the World War, 1914-1918, names and location unknown; the personnel were possibly from the WRNS College at Ashurst near the Crystal Palace, London.

Framed collection of World War I badges

Framed collection of World War I badges

A collection of 477 war buttons and regimental badges collected and arranged by members of the Symon family, framed behind glass and with a metal plate on the bottom of the frame inscribed: "Presented by Lieutenant Commander Oliver Symon in memory of Sir Josiah Symon, KCMG, KC" [his father]. The buttons and Armed Forces badges were issued to raise funds from non-government sources, such as badge days for the Cheer Up Society, Australian Comforts Fund and Australia Day, during World War I. The framed collection was hung in the Upper Sturt Hall near the Symon residence "Manoah" and later came to the Mount Lofty Historical Society, which presented it to the Mortlock Library of South Australiana in 1993. The Advertiser reported, 17 December 1936 page 30: 'A fete to celebrate the first anniversary of the opening of the Upper Sturt Soldiers' Memorial Hall, was held at Upper Sturt on Saturday. The financial return was satisfactory. The opening ceremony was performed by Lieutenant-Commander Oliver Symon, who also presented to the hall a fine souvenir panel of war buttons and regimental badges. The afternoon was spent in sports and games for the children, afternoon tea being served. Among those present were Lady Symon, Miss K. Symon and Miss Lewers. Mr C. Wylie, chairman of the hall committee, presided. A dance followed in the evening, when the hall was filled, to capacity.' A researcher has provided additional information about the Symon badge board: 'The Upper Sturt Soldiers Memorial Hall Committee minutes of 24 November 1936 recorded the offer of the significant gift under the heading ‘Memorial Tablet’: ‘The Chairman read a letter from Mr O. Symon offering to present to the Hall a framed collection of buttons & badges struck during the Great War. The Tablet was inspected. ‘Proposed A. Petersen, Sec., H. Slater that the panel be accepted and that high appreciation of the valuable gift be recorded. Carried with Acclamation.’ The original badge board hung in the Upper Sturt Soldiers Memorial Hall from 1936 until the mid-1980s when vandals broke the glass covering the board and stole a number of badges. The board was then loaned to the Mount Lofty Districts Historical Society for safe-keeping. In 1993 they passed it on to the Mortlock Library of South Australiana where it now resides and is being preserved and conserved as part of the heritage of South Australia. A full-scale photograph of the original badge board, clearly showing the gaps where badges were stolen, was hung back in place in June 2013 by the present Upper Sturt Soldiers Memorial Hall committee, with much pride, to showcase this significant piece of Upper Sturt heritage.

World War 1 era campaign button badges

World War 1 era campaign button badges

73 World War 1 era badges (also known as campaign buttons or 'tinnies') collected by Alan David and Winifred Smith Greenlees, when they were living in Broken Hill. Most badges were designed and created to be purchased as a fundraising interest, in order to raise money for various factions of the Red Cross, and most were manufactured by Alfred E.S. Stokes in Australia 'Manufacturer of Photographic reproduction, coloured Patriotic, Carnival, Campaign Buttons, etc. 228 Pitt Street, Sydney'. Several of this group of items were designed for other charity groups such as the Returned Services League (RSL), the Florence Nightingale Fund, the Army Nurses Day, the Civilian TB & Cancer Fund, the Navy Day, the Wattle League, the Lord Mayor's Japanese Relief Fund and other ventures.

Photographs relating to the First and Second World Wars

Photographs relating to the First and Second World Wars

Photographs relating to the First and Second World Wars, including Army Medical Corps parade along King William Street, soldiers by a car, Red Cross stall on North Terrace, and soldiers at an ANZAC Day service in London in 1941. See below for details.

World War One items of Philip Pittaway

Items from the First World War relating to Philip George Pittaway comprising: portrait of Philip Pittaway in uniform, four postcards from Philip Pittaway sent while on active service in Egypt and France to his sister Edith Reid of Balaklava, and the 1914-15 Star campaign medal awarded to Private P.G. Pittaway. See below for details.

World War I diary of Frederick Leopold Terrell, 1918

World War I diary of Frederick Leopold Terrell, 1918

Diary covering the year 1918, describing Leo Terrell's experiences serving with the AIF on the Western Front during World War I. Includes his return to Australia after WWI and discharge.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, during his active service during World War I. Written in Palestine. Includes a brief account of chasing enemy aircraft in flight, an enemy rail truck fitted with an aeroplane engine and other matters.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, while on active service during World War I. Written in Palestine. Ross speaks of being given a bar to his Distinguished Flying Cross totalling four decorations, with the Squadron earning 16 D.F.C.'s since the end of July 1918. Also mentions moving the camp to the lower slopes of Mount Carmel, and having taken over 80,000 prisoners since 19 September 1918.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, during his active service during World War I. Written in Palestine and mentions flying in the attack on Amman.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letters from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, during his active service during World War I. Written in Palestine 22-25 June 2018. Ross mentions the possibility of leave time in Australia, his love of flying, and swimming at Jaffa and leisure time. Also describes a challenging air fight, flight mission over Jenin. Includes a handwritten copy of a letter sent to squadron Wing Commander written in the field on 22 June 1918 by the Squadron leader C[?]. A. Burnett Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding the Palestine Brigade RAF commending Captain Ross Smith and Lieutenants Kirk, Paul and Weir for their actions in the field.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, during his active service during World War I. Written in Palestine. Describes having dinner with General Borton, who was in command of the Brigade, in Cairo. Includes mention of General Borton breaking a world record on a flight from England to Egypt with a crew of five in a Handley Page Bomber. Ross also speaks of his aeroplane, the acknowledgement of M.C D.F.C. being added after his name, leisure time spent, the brief descriptions of the fighting and signs beginning to show of winning the war.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Cairo

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Cairo

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, while on active service during World War I. Written at the Shepheard's Hotel, Cairo. Ross speaks of receiving the news on 11 Novemember 1918 of the end of WWI and the celebrations in Cairo. Also mentions the arrival of a new Handley Page aircraft, and a plan to fly with General Borton in his original Handley Page aeroplane on a tour of India and then on to Australia, landing somewhere in the North. Includes mention of some prisoners arriving back in Cairo. Includes a note written on the 13 November on looting of shops in Cairo, and the high cost of living in Cairo.

Letter from Ross Smith following World War I to his mother, Calcutta

Letter from Ross Smith following World War I to his mother, Calcutta

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, while on active service during World War I. Written in Calcutta. Ross gives an account of his journey since the day that Turkey signed the armistice on 31 October 1918, and a detailed description of his flight from Cairo to India leading up to time spent in Calcutta on 3 January 1919.

Correspondence from Ross to his mother while on active service during World War I

Correspondence from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith 3/12/1914 - 15/3/1919, during his time spent in active service during World War I.

World War One photographs

World War One photographs

Photographs of an unknown Australian soldier of his active service during the First World War, including: men participating in sports and games on board the S.S. Ascanius, the 'Ascanius' in harbour at Durban and Cape Town, buildings in Durban and Cape Town, buildings and sites in Jerusalem and Bethlehem, and Light Horse troops training in Australia. Selected photographs have been digitised. See below for details.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, during his active service during World War I. Written in Palestine. Ross voices concerns over being overly lauded in the newspapers for his flying during the War. Descibes his office/workshop tent catching fire that day.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, during his active service during World War I. Written in Palestine. Mentions difficulties of flying at higher altitude of 19,000 feet in his Bristol fighter aircraft, being awarded Captaincy and a Bar, being known as the 1st Squadron Australian Flying Corps instead of 67th and other happenings.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, during his active service during World War I. Written in Palestine. Includes mentions of flying on patrols, awards, riding in a steeplchase, total of 500 hours flying time, other matters.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, during his active service during World War I. Written at the George Nungovich Egytian Hotels Co. Grand Continental Hotel, Cairo during 10 days leave. Describes brief accounts of airborne fighting, shopping in Cairo, outings, Keith doing an instructors course, and an application for leave to visit home in Australia.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, during his active service during World War I. Written in Palestine. Mentions return from leave in Cairo and outings while there, a patrol Nazareth and the Sea of Galilee, an air fight with enemy planes, flying the more powerful 250 HP aircraft and other matters.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, during his active service during World War I. Written in Palestine. Mentions capturing and flying an enemy DSA Albatross Scout aeroplane, erection of a monument to soldiers lost in 1917 behind Turkish lines at Gaza.

Letters from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Cairo

Letters from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Cairo

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, while on active service during World War I. Written at the Shepheard's Hotel in Cairo. Speaks of being selected to fly General Borton's Handley Page bomber and describes the aircraft.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Cairo

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Cairo

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, during his active service during World War I. Written at the Shepheard's Hotel in Cairo. Speaks of Ross being selected to fly General Borton's Handley Page Bomber.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, while on active service during World War I. Written in Palestine. Speaks of being in the midst of another advance, and mounted troops having advanced up to Nazareth and Haifa. Also mentions Ross having bombed a large railway junction, bombing the aerodrome at Jenin twice, heavy overall bombing with 5 tons of bombs dropped and 20,000 rounds being directed at the enemy and taking thousands of prisoners.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his father, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his father, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his father, Andrew Smith, while on active service during World War I. Written in Palestine. Speaks of sensational victories, the capture of most of the Turkish army, capturing over 2,000 square miles and over 30,000 prisoners in 3 days along with much equipment, and bombing runs over Jenin.

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross Smith during World War I to his mother, Palestine

Letter from Ross to his mother, Jessie Smith, while on active service during World War I. Written in Palestine. Speaks of 42,000 prisoners captured, the Infantry breaking the front line and the Light Horse making in through and around the back of the Turkish Army. Also mentions bombing runs including bombing Jenin aerodrome twice, runs of Bristol aeroplanes and bombers all day, flight run up to Haifa, troops away up north of the Sea of Galilee, and the whole of the Turkish Army being captured in those parts.